Joomla Templates and Joomla Extensions by ZooTemplate.Com

Treatment of cervical radiculopathy physiotherapy treatment for cervical spondylosis

Radhakrishnan K, Litchy WJ, OFallon WM, Kurland LT. Epidemiology of cervical radiculopathy. A population-based study from Rochester, Minnesota, 1976 through 1990. Brain 1994; 117 ( Pt 2):325.

Santiago-Palma J, Vallejo R, Kornick C, Barna S. Are cervical nerve root blocks safe and effective? AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2005; 26:2434.

Pain in the neck and arm: a multicentre trial of the effects of physiotherapy, arranged by the British Association of Physical Medicine. Br Med J 1966; 1:253.

Zeidman SM, Ducker TB. Posterior cervical laminoforaminotomy for radiculopathy: review of 172 cases. Neurosurgery 1993; 33:356.

Cicala RS, Thoni K, Angel JJ. Long-term results of cervical epidural steroid injections. Clin J Pain 1989; 5:143.

Honet JC, Puri K. Cervical radiculitis: treatment and results in 82 patients. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1976; 57:12.

Persson LC, Moritz U, Brandt L, Carlsson CA. Cervical radiculopathy: pain, muscle weakness and sensory loss in patients with cervical radiculopathy treated with surgery, physiotherapy or cervical collar. A prospective, controlled study. Eur Spine J 1997; 6:256.

Kadanka Z, Bednark J, Vohnka S, et al. Conservative treatment versus surgery in spondylotic cervical myelopathy: a prospective randomised study. Eur Spine J 2000; 9:538.

Rathmell JP, Aprill C, Bogduk N. Cervical transforaminal injection of steroids. Anesthesiology 2004; 100:1595.

Fast A, Parikh S, Marin EL. The shoulder abduction relief sign in cervical radiculopathy. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1989; 70:402.

UpToDate synthesizes the most recent medical information into evidence-based practical recommendations clinicians trust to make the right point of care decisions.

Edwards CC 2nd, Heller JG, Murakami H. Corpectomy versus laminoplasty for multilevel cervical myelopathy: an independent matched-cohort analysis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2002; 27:1168.

Bush K, Hillier S. Outcome of cervical radiculopathy treated with periradicular/epidural corticosteroid injections: a prospective study with independent clinical review. Eur Spine J 1996; 5:319.

Colachis SC Jr, Strohm BR. Effect of duration of intermittent cervical traction on vertebral separation. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1966; 47:353.

Rozin L, Rozin R, Koehler SA, et al. Death during transforaminal epidural steroid nerve root block (C7) due to perforation of the left vertebral artery. Am J Forensic Med Pathol 2003; 24:351.

The prognosis varies in part upon whether the cervical radiculopathy is compressive or noncompressive. The majority of radiculopathies arise from nTreatment of cervical radiculopathy physiotherapy treatment for cervical spondylosiserve root compression; the two predominant mechanisms are cervical spondylosis and disc herniation. Noncompressive radiculopathy includes diabetes and infectious, granulomatous, and infiltrating neoplastic disorders. (See Clinical features and diagnosis of cervical radiculopathy, section on Pathophysiology.)

Hacker RJ, Cauthen JC, Gilbert TJ, Griffith SL. A prospective randomized multicenter clinical evaluation of an anterior cervical fusion cage. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2000; 25:2646.

Mendelson J, Muppidi S, Silberstein S. Multiple intracerebral hemorrhages after cervical epidural injections. Neurology 2008; 70:2415.

or your group practice, log in to your personal subscription, or purchase a personal subscription. For more information, click below.

The treatment of cervical radiculopathy will be reviewed here. The clinical features and diagnosis of cervical radiculopathy are discussed separately. (See Clinical features and diagnosis of cervical radiculopathy.)

The optimum treatment of compressive cervical radiculopathy is the subject of continued debate, and initial management may vary significantly among practitioners. There is sparse evidence that any treatment improves upon the natural history of the condition. Part of the problem is that cervical radiculopathy is a clinical, and to some extent subjective, diagnosis with no gold standard test to establish or exclude the disease. Depending upon the diagnostic criteria used, clinical studies evaluating the treatment of cervical radiculopathy have tended to select one subset of patients more than another. As an example, studies that require the presence of a surgically demonstrated lesion to establish the diagnosis of cervical radiculopathy are likely to exclude patients with mild or improving symptoms.

Subscribers log in here

Neo M, Fujibayashi S, Miyata M, et al. Vertebral artery injury during cervical spine surgery: a survey of more than 5600 operations. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2008; 33:779.

Klaber Moffett JA, Hughes GI, Griffiths P. An investigation of the effects of cervical traction. Part 1: Clinical effectiveness. Clin Rehabil 1990; 4:205.

Goldie I, Landquist A. Evaluation of the effects of different forms of physiotherapy in cervical pain. Scand J Rehabil Med 1970; 2:117.

Storm PB, Chou D, Tamargo RJ. Surgical management of cervical and lumbosacral radiculopathies: indications and outcomes. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 2002; 13:735.

Bednark J, Kadanka Z, Vohnka S, et al. The value of somatosensory- and motor-evoked potentials in predicting and monitoring the effect of therapy in spondylotic cervical myelopathy. Prospective randomized study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 1999; 24:1593.

Graham N, Gross AR, Goldsmith C, Cervical Overview Group. Mechanical traction for mechanical neck disorders: a systematic review. J Rehabil Med 2006; 38:145.

Peolsson A, Sderlund A, Engquist M, et al. Physical function outcome in cervical radiculopathy patients after physiotherapy alone compared with anterior surgery followed by physiotherapy: a prospective randomized study with a 2-year follow-up. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2013; 38:300.

Arnasson O, Carlsson CA, Pellettieri L. Surgical and conservative treatment of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy and myelopathy. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 1987; 84:48.

Valle JN, Feydy A, Carlier RY, et al. Chronic cervical radiculopathy: lateral-approach periradicular corticosteroid injection. Radiology 2001; 218:886.

Wirth FP, Dowd GC, Sanders HF, Wirth C. Cervical discectomy. A prospective analysis of three operative techniques. Surg Neurol 2000; 53:340.

Anderberg L, Annertz M, Persson L, et al. Transforaminal steroid injections for the treatment of cervical radiculopathy: a prospective and randomised study. Eur Spine J 2007; 16:321.

Ziai WC, Ardelt AA, Llinas RH. Brainstem stroke following uncomplicated cervical epidural steroid injection. Arch Neurol 2006; 63:1643.

Although data are limited, some, if not most, patients with compressive cervical radiculopathy improve without specific treatment [1,2]. Evidence that improvement is not treatment specific comes from a population-based study of 561 patients with cervical radiculopathy from Rochester, Minnesota [2]. This was not a natural history study, since most patients received some treatment and 26 percent had surgery for cervical radiculopathy. Nevertheless, at last follow-up, 90 percent of patients were asymptomatic or only mildly incapacitated.

van der Heijden GJ, Beurskens AJ, Koes BW, et al. The efficacy of traction for back and neck pain: a systematic, blinded review of randomized clinical trial methods. Phys Ther 1995; 75:93.

Slipman CW, Lipetz JS, Jackson HB, et al. Therapeutic selective nerve root block in the nonsurgical treatment of atraumatic cervical spondylotic radicular pain: a retrospective analysis with independent clinical review. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2000; 81:741.

Gao Y, Liu M, Li T, et al. A meta-analysis comparing the results of cervical disc arthroplasty with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) for the treatment of symptomatic cervical disc disease. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2013; 95:555.

MARTIN GM, CORBIN KB. An evaluation of conservative treatment for patients with cervical disk syndrome. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1954; 35:87.

Kuijper B, Tans JT, Beelen A, et al. Cervical collar or physiotherapy versus wait and see policy for recent onset cervical radiculopathy: randomised trial. BMJ 2009; 339:b3883.

Malhotra G, Abbasi A, Rhee M. Complications of transforaminal cervical epidural steroid injections. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2009; 34:731.

Scanlon GC, Moeller-Bertram T, Romanowsky SM, Wallace MS. Cervical transforaminal epidural steroid injections: more dangerous than we think? Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2007; 32:1249.

Nikolaidis I, Fouyas IP, Sandercock PA, Statham PF. Surgery for cervical radiculopathy or myelopathy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2010; :CD001466.

Kranz PG, Raduazo PA. Technique for CT fluoroscopy-guided cervical interlaminar steroid injections. AJR Am J Roentgenol 2012; 198:675.

Saal JS, Saal JA, Yurth EF. Nonoperative management of herniated cervical intervertebral disc with radiculopathy. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 1996; 21:1877.

Fountas KN, Kapsalaki EZ, Nikolakakos LG, et al. Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion associated complications. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2007; 32:2310.

Given the apparent overall good prognosis for recovery, conservative therapies are preferred in most patients.

Casha S, Fehlings MG. Clinical and radiological evaluation of the Codman semiconstrained load-sharing anterior cervical plate: prospective multicenter trial and independent blinded evaluation of outcome. J Neurosurg 2003; 99:264.

neck-stretches-ehow-ukStretching: starting with cervical muscles. Stretching is a vital part of any program design. It prevents injury, you are strengthening the muscle in an elongated position and therefore enhancing the integrity of all of your stabilizers and attachments, and preventing injury. The neck is a very...
exercises-for-cervical-tv-berlin-videoCervical Disc Exercises: Discover the 3 most effective exercises you can do for st relief. a href= title=Cervical Disc Exercises - TV Berlin Videoimg src= alt=Cervical Disc Exercises - TV Berlin Video//abr /a href= Disc Exercises - TV Berlin Video/a div class=containerEpix style= relative;div...
multi-level-degenerative-spondylosis-and-spinal-axis-scoliosis-help-me-spondylosis-arthritisthe left side of the T6-7 AND L4-5 small central disc protrusion and annular bulge. Mild loss of height and decreased signal compatible w/ disc degeneration is seen. Here are the results for the MRI which was only for the Lumbar area: L5-S1 Small-Medium Left Paramediam Herniation Level mild-moderated...
cervical-disc-cervical-spine-exercisesComparison of Artificial Cervical Discs If done correctly, a single level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion might be accompanied by 24-48 hour maximum hospital stay. For single level fusions, the use of the patients own bone versus bone from a bone bank yields similar results. Although the use of...
osteoarthritis-homeopathy-treatment-treatment-of-cervical-spondylosis-in-homeopathyDR HARSHAD RAVAL MD HOMEOPATHY has 1 articles online Lumbar spondylosis usually produces no symptoms. When back or sciatic pains are complaints, lumbar spondylosis usually is an unrelated finding. Given the frequency and size of lumbar osteophytes they have long been thought to cause back pain. This...
mckenzie-exercises-for-cervical-herniated-disc-exercises-for-cervicalCOO OrganizedWisdom We look forward to working with you. We recommend that you either upgrade to a more advanced version of Internet Explorer or that you try one of these popular browsers for a safer / better experMckenzie Exercises for Cervical Herniated Disc exercises for cervicalience online: By...
spinal-surgery-1-800-spinal-surgeryWe can help you connect with the best Spinal Surgery Clinics and Spinal Surgeons in the United States. Give us a call 24/7 toll free at (888) 329-6215 and let us help you. Understanding your surgery options will help you better decide on a course of action. The answer is: sometimes. It is reasonable...
collaboration-cervical-spondylosis-causes-and-treatmentsRound Table AdChoices Autoresponders - Blogging - Body Language - Branding & Naming - Collaborations & Partnerships - Creative Thought Leadership - eBusiness - Energy Healing - Home Business - How to Charge - Information Marketing - Marketing Online - Creating Influence - Online Fax - PR &...